advantages of developing the fishing industry in pakistan

Billions of people are depending on the scarce marine resources, they are depending on the fishermen and the fish that they bring home. Most aquaculture product is consumed locally. Moreover, the multinational corporation offered its support in developing systems to upgrade Pakistan’s fisheries related ports infrastructure and its efficient handling. A high proportion of those employed are women working in shrimp processing plants sorting and peeling. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations says that marine fishing is a significant economic activity off the coasts of Sindh and Balochistan. The meeting was convened to initiate a dialogue between the fisheries and the development policy communities from OECD and FAO Members and partner countries on key issues of shared interest. At present, the fisheries industry is not itself the driving force within the fisheries value chain. roads, power, telecommunications Adds value to fish Which view do you agree with more? Aquaculture has resulted in job creation in fields such as animal research and fish hatchery management. Higher temperatures are reducing river flows, further damaging habitat quality in the delta. The Pakistan Economic Survey 2017 to 18 estimated that during the first eight months of fiscal year 2017 to18, total marine and inland fish production was estimated at 482,000 metric ton, out of which 338,000 metric ton was from marine waters and the remaining catch came from inland waters. The growth of fish farms in Pakistan is slow as compared to the benefits which it creates in the private sector. Still have questions? Fishery management represents an organization consist of resources, industry market which are the basic pillars of fishery sector maintenance and these factors are interconnected with each other. Consumption Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. 725,000 ton-730,000 ton. If there is any irregularity to manage fish resources and their management, Government has been enforced to mediate, rightly or wrongly, to fill this space. Almost 100 percent of the frozen and canned fishery products are exported, while the bulk of the processed fishmeal is used in the country in the manufacture of poultry feed or fish feed. Aquaculture is also seen as a means of filling an expected future gap between supply and demand for fish. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. Shrimp make up a further 23 percent. He said quality seafood stocks were depleting in Pakistani waters because of overfishing and use of destructive nets. Pakistan’s major buyers are China, Thailand, Malaysia, Middle East, Sri Lanka and Japan. Describe how the weight of fish caught changed in the years between 1996 and 2006. Fish is a source of cheap and valuable animal protein for the population, and the industry makes a major contribution to the economy of Pakistan as an earner of foreign exchange. Fishing Industry (Pakistan) 2. Baluchistan has established fishing industry extensively; most of the fish catch either exports or supplies to Karachi. In some rural areas, notably in Sindh and Balochistan, where very limited alternative sources of income are available, fishery development has contributed significantly to improved living conditions. Who knows how much to write out for each American? Marine and coastal aquaculture, such as shrimp farming, are almost non-existent. • evaluate the benefits of developing mineral resources and understand the sustainability of extraction ... • understand the problems facing the fishing industry and evaluate the possibilities for its further development and sustainability. Diversification, which includes aquaculture, which can be considered to be the single most promising source of farm poverty reduction in the coming years in Pakistan. Human resource development … First, imposing catch limits that reduce over-fishing would go a long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and the marine environment. The most important export product categories are frozen fish excluding fish fillets, which account for 58 percent of export value. In the Philippines, the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Depart-ment was established and emphasized shrimp production technology. The inland sector is somewhat more labor intensive and less productive 177,572 fishermen each producing an average of 0.80 ton per year compared with the more mechanized marine sector 146,917 fishermen each producing 2.59 ton per year. The advantages and disadvantages of foreign aid show us that it is an ethical and moral action that offers many positive outcomes. (d) Give an example of primary, secondary and tertiary employment in the fishing industry. It can also be the cause of strife and conflict, especially if … Pakistan with a coast line of 814 km still has many fish species which are not used to promote fish industry at national and international market. Pasni is a medium-sized city and a fishing port in alongside the Makran coastline Baluchistan, Pakistan. Worlds biggest fishing industry. The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. Get your answers by asking now. The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. The stagnant fisheries sector directly effect standard of living of this community. Fish and shrimp processing is usually divided into mechanical and non-mechanical processing. Promotion of marine aquaculture. We focus our research on how fishing and aquaculture can increase incomes and improve rural economies and … The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. (i) Give two reasons why this site was chosen for a new port. According to the World Bank, the National Policy and Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development in Pakistan drafted during Musharraf’s era remains largely relevant, though it was not adopted at the time due to political transition. Akhlaque said commercial fish stocks had not depleted completely. Lack of industry therefore no jobs [3] (c) Port Qasim is located 20 kilometers south-east of city A. Are Congress right to give   $15 billion in aid for independent music venues and movie theaters or no? Fish Farming is a new addition of recent past of 30 to 35 years to diversification of agricultural farm activities. The World Bank report Revitalizing Pakistan’s Fisheries says that the European Union countries, Japan, and the United States are the world’s biggest export markets for seafood, yet at present, they account for less than 3 percent of Pakistan’s fisheries export earnings about $9.3m annually. Out of the total marine fish production, the percentage for human consumption ranged between 65 and 70 percent in 2006. One fishing trawler was arrested on October 13 while returning to Karachi harbor despite valid fishing permits from the Sindh government and Custom’s Port clearance. During1999-2002, SMEDA worked for the uplift of the fishing industry through a number of measures. Economic Role An urgent action to prevent the present damaging levels of overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources for future generations. The volume of fish exports during 2013-2014 was 140,000-150,000 ton this was mainly due to reopening of EU market and high demand of Pakistani fish mainly in China and Vietnam. Trawler owners are not going for fishing due to fear as Maritime Securities Agency (MSA) had also started implementing the new deep sea policy. Most fish markets have inadequate facilities; usually they lack cold storage facilities, have poor hygienic conditions and inadequate communication links. In the non-mechanical category there are dried fish, dried shrimp, shark fin, fish maw/stomach, live lobster, live crab and fish roes/ovaries. kms. This declining employment is most apparent in the inland sector. Fish habitats have been badly affected by industrial waste overuse of reef area and sea visitors. This was a prepara-tion period for the shrimp culture industry in the world. What natural disaster are you most concerned about and how did you or do you prepare for it. Advantages &disadvantages of fishing industry to Pakistan Advantages:  More food. Pakistan’s fishing grounds are termed as highly rich in marine life with a vast variety of The country has experimented with several economic models during its existence. He said fishery management laws should be of good policy and result oriented quality. Aquaculture in Pakistan has immense potential for development of fisheries sector and in fact it is gradually increasing. These new modeling tools and technical innovation is required to be implemented in the country. Over 24,000 fishermen die every year. tFish is an important and affordable source of protein, micronutrients and fatty acids for people in developing countries. The factors contributing to growth involve government efforts, fleet expansion and development of export markets. It’s easy to forget just how environmentally friendly wild capture fisheries are as a means for providing food. It is located about 300 km from Karachi. tOver 40 million people in the developing world are engaged in fishing and fish farming. Later, the fleet expanded and is now mostly mechanized. The marketing chain for fish is similar to that for other agricultural commodities. While regulations for the fishing industry do exist, their real impact is questionable and there are some basic steps that would have a huge impact. Also, harvested fish contributes to employment creation in food processing industries, transport sector and restaurants. Marine fish is marketed as fresh, frozen, canned, cured, reduced to fishmeal, other purposes, and some retained by fishermen for their own use. The existing laws on fisheries and aquaculture need to be revisited and appropriate changes made on pragmatic and implement able approach for the betterment of rural communities and conservation of the renewable fish and related consumable resources of the country. fisherman / worker on a fish farm factory worker / canner / freezer lorry driver / office worker [3] (e) What are the benefits and problems of developing either marine fishing or inland fish farming in Pakistan? Women also constitute most of the labor force involved in net repair. She blamed Prime Minister Imran Khan for “acting like a king” and selling out Pakistan’s poor. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and seas; with the progress of civilization, fishing communities started breeding fishes on farms this is also known asaq ua culture. Pakistan Fish Exports Up 27.94 Percent, Netting $451.026 Million in FY18 Prices tend to decline when the fish is more than 3 kg; other factors include freshness of the fish and the supply demand situation in the market. The expert asked the government that should focus on new policy which should maintain satisfactory management for the regulation of the Pakistan’s fish industry for inland fisheries and coastal and deep water fisheries. Pakistan is currently dependent on the arrival of boats and trawlers which are returning to the harbor. India is controlling the prices, with 200 factories exporting to the European Union countries. Economically, balanced fishery management requires the revolution of common property through a restricted entry system intended to raise net benefits from the fishery. The inland fisheries has a great potential also which is often overlooked and of low priority by the policy makers. Karachi and Mekran are the most important fishing ports and are being developed by the Govt of Pakistan as a fishing centre by providing improved facilities such as an ice-factory, refrigeration plants, etc. Comparisons to other countries in the region suggest that Pakistan is failing to fully realize the potential of its capture. Patron Sindh Trawlers and Fisherman Association (Stofa), Sarwar Siddiqui said STOFA, PFEA and Fishermen Cooperative Society have moved to the Sindh High Court against the deep sea fishing licensing policy. Employment If Aquaculture is developed in warm waters and cold water regions it can boost exports and foreign exchange for the exchequer. Much of the fish landed is intended for domestic consumption, which is highest in coastal towns and cities that have landing sites. This is also the major export of Pakistan. Imports are a relatively small but growing component of the Pakistan fisheries sector. Over fishing is the major cause behind depletion of fish resources. Mr Siddiqui also claimed that landing of fish would almost come to a standstill in a couple of days as no new trawlers left for fishing in the past two weeks. The Fisheries Resources Appraisal in Pakistan Project, a Unilateral Trust Fund project of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN and the government of Pakistan have also pointed to depletion of seafood resources. Whereas the fish production for the same period of fiscal year 2016-17 was estimated to be 477,000 metric ton in which 332,000 metric ton was from marine and the remaining was produced by inland fishery sector. Buyers of fishery products can be members of the public, retailers, wholesalers and agents for processing plants or exporters. If coastal aquaculture of high value shrimp and finfish species were to develop, export earnings would increase. Both the fish commodities, dried, salted or smoked and frozen excluding fillets and meat, also have increased in their production; however the production of latter commodity surpassed during the last five years. Forestry: About 4% of land is covered with forests in Pakistan. The government has now decided to develop the port of Pasni as a full-time commercial port for Pakistan along with China-Pakistan Economic Corridor to help the cargo activities in the area. Fish is a source of cheap and valuable animal protein for the population, and the industry makes a major contribution to the economy of Pakistan as an earner of foreign exchange. More than 50% of the world's population lives within 60km of the coastline. At issue is their opposition to the Deep Sea Fishing Licensing Policy 2018. development [12]. The agriculture with aquaculture needs: intensification, diversification, increased asset base, increased off farm income, and exit from agriculture. During eight months of 2017 to 18, a total of 108,262 metric ton of fish and fishery products were exported. According to Economic Survey of Pakistan, total fish catch during 2013-2014 increased slightly i.e. Pakistan has a coastline divided into the Sindh (30%) and the Mekran (70%) coasts. Jessica Gephart and her colleagues remind us. The overall status for all the major fish stocks of Pakistan is that they are all below target biomass levels and nine of the species groups are below the depleted threshold, said the project report. The report said the prospects for an economically vibrant and growing fishery were poor, and reduced exports, value, and food fish production were all to be expected even as fish meal production increases. Local consumers generally prefer freshwater fish over marine fish because of their familiarity with river and inland farmed fish, as well as the fresh condition of the product. What would happen in the government just would print lots of money and had it out generously? In 1958, the first modern fish harbour was constructed at the Karachi District.  Export e.g. So congress approved $900B for STIMULUS CHECK. The quantity was down 2.87 percent to 5,452 ton from 5,613 ton. At WorldFish, we spend a lot of time thinking about how improving fisheries and aquaculture can reduce poverty and hunger. Aquaculture is largely concentrated in Punjab, Sindh, and to a lesser extent in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. developing countries such as Ecuador, Indo-nesia, India, Vietnam and Taiwan. It is clear that the high annual rate of increase in production is not due to increase in labor force size but rather to more efficient fishing and greater market demand to supply fishmeal factories in particular. The fisheries sector in Pakistan offers direct employment to over one million people, most of which work as fishermen. Intensive marketing efforts at international level. Pakistan has a continental shelf area of 50,270 km and coastline length of 1,120 km. Introduction →Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and sea. Projected sea level rise and increased cyclonic activity due to higher sea surface temperatures threaten mangrove areas, which are crucial to wild shrimp breeding, one of Pakistan’s largest export fisheries. Industry stakeholders complain that Pakistani seafood fetches lower value in the international market as the quantity of exportable fish has depleted due to various reasons, including overfishing. U.S. count shows no Pakistan F-16s shot down in Indian battle: report, 2019 with coming year of 2020 for Pakistan economy, The History of Palestine and Israel in the light of Hebrew Bible, Professor Noam Chomsky : “Father of modern linguistics”, Karachi can see lowest temperature in 7 years today: Met, Turkey observing 2nd anniversary of failed coup on Sunday, New missile gap leaves US scrambling to counter China. Flake ice plants on harbours. The time is right for Pakistan to launch the revolution suggests the World Bank, stating that such blue growth prioritizes the sustainable management of natural aquatic resources in the delivery of economic and social benefits. Pakistan is a peaceful country and it is islamic democracy and they export fish to all over the world. He blames it on the lower quality of fish meal. In 2000, per capita food supply from fish and fishery products (kg/person) in Pakistan was 2, in Asia was 18 and in World was 16. Fish markets are very common in Sindh and at selected locations in Punjab. Shah said that deep sea fishing and overfishing had affected the commercial fish stocks, which were rapidly reducing in Pakistani waters. The main problems faced by Pakistan’s fishing industry are technical, operational and regulatory in nature. better roads & telecommunication in Baluchistan. Pakistan is enriched with variety of fish species. Country’s fish exports plunged to 28,185 ton ($67 million) versus 29,544 ton valuing $76m in same period last fiscal. Other buyers include Hong Kong, Indonesia, Egypt, Middle East, UK, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh etc. There are a large number of fishermen’s villages all along Pakistan’s coast line where fishing is primary source of earnings for centuries. Products are sold into the market to wholesalers and then onto retailers and end consumers through agents working on a commission basis. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. 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